Table of Contents

2016 Month : December Volume : 2 Issue : 2 Page : 1-7

ROENTGENOGRAPHIC STUDY OF BONES AROUND WRIST IN INDIVIDUALS BETWEEN 12 YEARS AND 20 YEARS AND ITS ROLE IN ASSESSMENT OF AGE.

Aman Kumar1, Sanjeev Kumar2, Binod Kumar3, Rajeev Ranjan Sinha4, Arvind Prasad5

Corresponding Author:
Aman Kumar,
Department of FMT,
IGIMS,
Patna-800014,
Bihar.
E-mail: dramankumarfmt@yahoo.in

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND

Age estimation in the living person is one of the most important tasks before a forensic expert especially in the developing countries like India where birth records are often not well maintained. Knowledge of actual age of an individual is necessary as some rights and privileges of a citizen are linked with his age. The help of forensic experts is invariably sought for estimation of actual age of a person, a victim, or accused, as decision on quantum and method of punishment by the law courts also differs with age of an individuals.

Objective of this work is intended to find, establish and recommend a standard data for appearance and fusion of ossification centres in the bones around wrist between the age of 12 years and 20 years in the population of North Bihar.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Present work has been done to study the age of appearance of ossification centres around the wrist joint and age of fusion of its epiphysis with diaphysis. Only those cases, in which the actual age could be ascertained beyond any doubt, were considered for the study.

RESULTS

Total 200 individuals of both sexes (53% male and 47% female) falling between the age 12 years and 20 years were studied at DMCH, Darbhanga. It was observed that all carpal bones including pisiform appear by the age of 12 years. Fusion of three epiphyses took place in order metacarpal – ulna – radius.

CONCLUSION

All carpal bones appear by the age of 12 years. It was also observed that fusion of bony centres occurs 1–2 years earlier in females. Vegetarian and non-vegetarian diet doesn’t have obvious influence in process of ossification.

KEYWORDS

Forensic Experts, Ossification Centres, Carpal Bones, Epiphysis, Metacarpal, Ulna, Radius.

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