Table of Contents

2016 Month : December Volume : 2 Issue : 2 Page : 14-19

GENDER BASED STUDY OF UNNATURAL DEATHS IN MARATHWADA REGION OF MAHARASHTRA.

Maroti D. Dake1, Venkatramna K. Sonkar2, Mohan C. Gushinge3

Corresponding Author:
Dr. Maroti D. Dake,
Department of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology,
Dr. Shankarrao Chavan Government Medical College,
Vishnupuri, Nanded-431606.
E-mail: mddake@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND

Unnatural deaths claim a substantial number of lives in developing countries like India.(1) Unnatural death of an individual is a great loss not only to the family and society, but also to the nation as whole. As the working population in the society are more exposed to the outdoor and hazardous activities, they are at greater risk of unnatural death.

Materials and Methods

This is a record-based cross-sectional retrospective analysis of all medico-legal autopsies done in Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology at Dr. Shankarrao Chavan Government Medical College, Nanded, for a period of one year from January to December 2011. A total of 865 cases of unnatural deaths were retrospectively studied regarding age, sex, residence, district of residence, marital status, manner and cause of death, place where the primary incidence occurred and place of death.

 

Results

The maximum number of cases of unnatural deaths were observed in active age group of life ranging from 11 to 40 years of age. The farmer, housewife and labourer group of population was the majority observed in the present study. Maximum 436 (50.40%) deaths of unnatural manner were observed to have occurred in home. Accident 405 (46.82%) cases followed by suicide 376 (43.46%) cases was the commonest means of death in studied subjects.

Conclusion

Increased urbanisation, tremendous boost in agriculture industry, immensely increased use of locomotives, reduced awareness of road safety measures, nail biting competition for progress in life, tremendous opportunities for females in outdoor work, deeply rooted customs of dowry in society, etc. and likewise never ending list has tremendously increased the risk of unnatural death in developing Indian population. It is the bad evil of socio-cultural behaviours and traditions like dowry, poverty, illiteracy, ever increasing population and day-by-day decreasing natural resources is pressurising the human population in developing country like India leading to disturbed pan of demand and supply. The unsatisfied demands are leading to more and more stress on life, which is causing increasing incidences and loss of valuable lives.

KeyWords

unnatural death, age, sex, occupation, residence, cause of death.

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